AfD takes first seats in a western German parliament
Alternative fur Deutschland [AfD] already has seats in East German State parliaments and the European Parliament.
It just won it’s first seats in the left-wing stronghold state of Hamburg. The part took 6% of the vote and the Christian Democratic Union [CDU] lost 6%. AfD will get 8 seats formerly held by the CDU.
The CDU is the ruling party of Germany and is supposed to be “center-right.” However, the CDU has been aggressively defending Muslim immigration. The CDU has shown total solidarity with the far-left on immigration. The AfD is closely tied to PEGIDA, which has held massive rallies in numerous East German cities.
AfD was largely modeled after Britain’s UKIP party. When the CDU began defending Muslim immigration, supporters of AfD predicted a UKIP style mass defection from CDU to AfD. The election in Hamburg suggests that this is coming true. The right of center vote stayed the same as it was in 2011 with about 29%. The right of center vote is taking 37 seats, the same as in 2011. The only difference is that AfD, which did not exist in 2011, took 8 seats and the CDU lost 8 seats. A center-right libertarian party stayed almost the same at about 7% of the vote and 9 seats.
Hamburg is one of the smallest German states.
The most conservative areas of Germany are the former East Germany and Bavaria. The state of Bavaria is the largest and most populated. Bavaria has their own version of the CDU, called Christian Social Union [CSU] which forms a caucus with the CDU in the Federal parliament. AfD did poorly in Bavaria during the 2014 EU election. This is probably because CSU is more conservative than CDU and it is a soft euroskeptic party. The CDU, on the other hand, is extremely pro-EU. The CSU rules Bavaria with an outright majority.
AfD already has seats in Saxony, Thuringia, and Brandenburg. However, they only started running in 2013 and many state parliaments have not even held an election since then. They previously failed to gain seats in the West German state of Hesse in 2013.
There is another party called PRO-NRW in the Western German state of North Rhine Westphalia. That party is also involved in mass demonstration against Islamic immigration. They have many elected officials on city councils, but didn’t come close to electing a member of the state parliament in 2012. The hard-line nationalist NPD has one person in the European Parliament and members in the Eastern German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.