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The New Weimar Republic.


After the First World War was over, and the Kaiser removed by what more or less amounted to treason, a “Republican” form of government was instituted in Germany amidst much prolonged political and civil strife. This new government is now referred to as the “Weimar Republic”, and it lasted until 1933. This republican government, dominated by the “Social Democratic” parties, was actually very socialist in nature, and had large factions of communists and communist sympathizers, but it was not itself truly communist.

The Weimar Republic was marked by rampant inflation and a cowering of the German people to the extravagant reparations and demilitarization demands resulting from losing a war which Germany did not start. Along with those reparations came the loss of much historically German territory, which Germany was forced to cede to the whims of the victors. The monetary inflation itself was to a great degree the cause of the tremendous reparations burden. The Weimar government also suffered heavily from a failure to reel in the communists and communist factions of the controlling political parties.

The communists stridently attempted to install a government of their own during these years, and actually succeeded in doing so by force in Bavaria, at least temporarily, and again in a part of the Ruhr region. These communist uprisings, along with others in Hamburg and in Saxony in the early 1920’s, were not put down by the Weimar government, but by coalitions of patriotic Germans known as the Freikorps, and factions of the military operating independently and in spite of the Weimar government.

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