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Would Haiti be a great nation if the “African Spartacus” had not been exiled?

Haiti’s “African Spartacus” was actually a pro-French, Eurocentric, slave owner.

The myth of┬áToussaint as an “African Spartacus” went into high gear after the big earthquake in Haiti. Condescending white liberals proudly boast that Haiti would be a great nation today if Toussaint hadn’t been “exiled and replaced by a series of despots.”

Let’s examine this “African Spartacus.”

1. Toussaint was a house servant to a wealthy French family who freed him at the age of 33. Toussaint protected his former owners from being murdered by a black mob around 1793 and took them to safety in Hispaniola.

2. Toussaint became wealthy and owned two plantations, which included many Negro slaves. Toussaint was a devoted Catholic, a member of the Freemasons, and a supporter of the French. Toussaint saw himself as the natural leader of Haiti’s black population and thought he could teach them to be more like the French. He chastised Haiti’s blacks for their behavior, especially the practice of voodoo. He took the ego-maniacal name “L’Ouverture,” which means “to show the way.”

3. In 1791, the voodoo priest Boukamn held a rally commonly called “Haiti’s pact with the devil.” He sacrificed a pig and led his followers in drinking the pig’s blood. He called his followers to “cast down the image of the white God.” All in attendance swore an oath to launch a murderous racial cleansing of the island in two weeks.

4. The followers of Boukamn went on a rampage burning hundreds of plantations and murdering about 2,000 whites. Boukamn was killed on the third week and his followers fled into the woods.

5. The French parliament, which had already been considering freeing all the colonial slaves, passed an anti-slavery bill one year later. Freed slaves in Haiti were granted French citizenship and a plan was put into place for a phasing out of slavery. France sent three new pro-abolition commissioners to Haiti to enforce the new act.

6. The slaves in rebellion continued to fight. Toussaint was given special permission from the French rulers to move about the island. He tried to organize the surrender of the slaves in rebellion and restore French control to the whole island. In 1793, Toussaint and a small group of followers took possession of 200 white captives. They turned them over to the French and offered a treaty where Toussaint and his right hand men would be given positions of leadership over the rest of the Negro population in exchange for ordering the slaves to return to their plantations and go back to work. No one believed that the slaves in rebellion would really do this, and the offer was turned down.

7. In 1794 the French parliament freed all slaves in all their territories. Toussaint joined the French army in 1794 and led pro-French Negros in fighting the Spanish and the British. A spill over from the Napoleonic wars in Europe.

8. Toussaint became a Brigadier General in the French army and helped win battles against the Spanish. Toussaint also suppressed multiple black led anti-French and secessionist uprisings on the island. In 1798 the British withdrew from the Island, but signed a secret trade agreement with Toussaint that included supplying him with weapons. During this time Toussaint sent two of his sons to schools in France.

9. In 1801 he was in control of Haiti and wrote his own constitution. In his constitution he declared that all Haitian’s were citizens of France and outlawed voodoo.

10. In July, 1801 he overran Hispaniola with his troops and called for a united pro-French island. He dubbed himself “Governor-General” (for life) with the powers of a dictator. He asked for and was granted approval of his titled from Napoleon. In a letter he assured Napoleon that he was a loyal French citizen and started the letter with “”From the First of the Blacks to the First of the Whites.”

11. Napoleon decided that the island would never regain it’s profitability under black rule and sent his brother in law to assume control one year later. Toussaint’s army completely evaporated when more French troops landed. Toussaint was arrested and taken to France where he died of pneumonia.

12. In 1804, Napoleon abandoned the New World because he needed the troops in Europe. One out of every three French troops sent to Haiti died of disease. All whites, Mulattoes, and Mestizos, who didn’t flee the island in time were mass murdered. Like Napoleon predicted, the Haitians have never restored the profitability of the island. Once its single most profitable tract of land, Haiti has consistently been the most dismal place in the Western Hemisphere ever since.

13. In the early days of the American civil rights movement, Toussaint was denounced by American black leaders as one of the biggest “uncle Toms” in history. It is only more recently that white liberals have attempted to re-write him as one of the great leaders of Negro rights.